There are ankle components that are elastic. They can become sprained when fibers end up tearing. As for recurrent sprains, they can actually result in long-term joint damage that can be painful, and weakness may accompany it, and this is why it is important to get proper treatment as prescribed by the leading foot and ankle specialist Houston.
1. Ankle Sprains: What Causes Them- When you have your foot planted on the ground and you make a fast, shifting movement, then this can lead to your ankle becoming sprained. In most cases, the ankle ends up rolling outward and the foot turns inward, which leads to the outside ligaments becoming stretched and torn. The ligaments located in the ankle’s inside can become injured. Usually, any type of movement that leads to the ligaments being stretched beyond their means can lead to an ankle sprain.
2. How Is It Diagnosed- An orthopedic specialist are who grades ankle sprains, and what this means is that they will grade it on a scale of 1-3. One means that the fiber were only slightly stretched, while two means that the ligament suffered partial tearing. If a specialist grades an ankle sprain a three, then it is because the ligament ended up being completely torn.
Those who believe they may have sprained their ankle should see a doctor as soon as possible. The doctor will likely order an MRI or an X-ray. Also, a doctor will take a look at your past injury history and how your ankle looks, as this helps them diagnose a sprained ankle.
3. How Is A Sprained Ankle Treated- Those who have a sprained ankle will want to have proper treatment, as it is important. People usually need to rest in order for the sprained to heal, and other sprains may require casting. A special boot or splint may also be required, and sometimes surgery needs to be performed.
If you have a grade one ankle sprain, then you should rest, which means don’t walk on your ankle for long periods of time, and you should ideally use crutches. Also, use ice in a wrap (wash cloth) and apply it to your ankle for about 20 minutes and do it 4-5 times per day. You should also compress and elevate your ankle, as these things can also help your ankle heal properly.
If you have a grade two sprained, then do the above, but just keep in mind that you might also be given a device that will splint or immobilize your ankle. Grade three sprains may require a leg cast or a brace and sometimes it does require surgery, and you might be told to go to physical therapy. A grade three sprained does take a little bit of time to heal properly, so be prepared for that in the event you do suffer this type of sprain.
If you have a grade three sprain, then you might need to wear a leg cast for 2-3 weeks. If this doesn’t work, then you might need surgery. Your doctor will let you know whether or not you need surgery in order for your ankle to heal properly.
Those who receive reconstructive surgery will have their torn ligament grafted with other ligaments. If the doctor needs to look at the joint inside, then arthroscopic surgery may be performed. This type of surgery allows the specialist to look for pieces of cartilage or loose bone fragments.
4. How Does A Sprain Resolve- Sprains recover via three phases. The first phase is during rest, while the second phase involves the range of motion, strength and flexibility being restored. The third phase is when the person can return to normal activities, which could take weeks to months.